There was an interesting read on ZeroHedge a few weeks ago. The article made the case for announcement of a $3 trillion wave of Quantitative Easing starting on November 3 — the day after the US mid-term elections, and also the date of the next meeting of the Federal Reserve Board Governors. Since this provocative article was published, other estimates for “QE2” have been as high as $4 trillion and even $7 trillion. In other words, the public policy debate appears to no longer be about “whether“, but now entirely about “how much“. Shocking.
Here is the distilled digest:
- Quantitative Easing is where the Federal Reserve buys the debt of a central bank. However, when banks can borrow money at zero percent, and there is still insufficient liquidity in the economy to foment sustained economic growth, Plan B is to inject even more liquidity, only this time the theory is that a large portion of the money will go right into buying assets, e.g. equities in publicly traded companies, as some believe has recently been the case.
- In theory, the stock market goes up. As a result, people feel wealthier and spend more. In the process, the increase in nominal income also gets taxed which is good for under-reserved state and federal coffers that have seen their tax base get hit hard since 2008. The risk with this strategy is that the world calls into question the integrity of the US dollar as reserve currency. After all, Zimbabwe has had the best performing stock market in 2010 but unfortunately the Zim dollar is effectively worthless.
To be clear, the US is no Zimbabwe. The comparison is relative, not absolute. However, even so, the risk of holding large amounts of currency-based savings would rise considerably if QE2 is activated on the indicated scale. For calibration, here is one visual rendering of what a $3 trillion Quantitative Easing might look like in terms of the Fed’s balance sheet:
Sooner or later, something has got to give. There are two major schools of economic thought on stimulus. Someone once summarized them this way:
- Keynesian economics = over the long-term, everyone can have a free lunch.
- Austrian economics = over the long-term, there are no free lunches.
I personally subscribe to the latter view and believe that deficits do matter and that 40 million people on welfare and 17% U6 unemployment is a train wreck. The great global reset is coming one way or another.
So what exactly are we stimulating anyway?
Last week, the Daily Beast conducted their Innovators Summit. There was a panel discussion with economist-journalist Niall Ferguson where the panelists discussed the implications of fiscal and monetary stimulus. Here is a salient clip:
The gist is this: in a global economy, QE2 will not only stimulate the US economy, but rather capital flows will be felt all over the world and would be likely to manifest themselves in emerging economies and rising prices for commodities. I could not agree more.
The G-20 meeting did not exactly end in harmony
One important development to watch has been the G20 discussions. In the meantime, the G20 meetings in South Korea wrapped up over the weekend and published a communique. Read literally, one would conclude that there is consensus and that the central bankers are in alignment on the game plan. Unfortunately, coming out of the G20, there is one quote from German Finance Minister Rainer Bruderle, that seems to suggest polar opposite views on the merits of QE2:
“I tried to make clear that I regard that (QE-2) as the wrong way to go. An excessive, permanent increase in money is, in my view, an indirect manipulation of the exchange rate.”
The UK and Germany appear to have opted for the path of austerity and fiscal control. France is on a similar trajectory in spite of massive strikes. The US, by contrast, appears to be heading in the opposite direction.
Implications for Domain Investors
In summary here is where I think we stand:
- The stage is being set for QE2 — probably right after the mid-term elections. It may involve trillions of dollars in newly-minted currency — backed by nothing and borrowed from the Federal Reserve. Austerity could likely still save the US Dollar but this does not appear to the chosen path of US policy makers.
- If QE2 is launched, the fuse would be lit. Inflation would come back with a vengeance as speculators and emerging markets secure real assets. In this case, the dollar — which is already down sharply — gets hammered. Watch agricultural prices, oil prices and precious metals prices for clues.
- QE2 will almost inevitably stimulate the Internet economy. I strongly believe that in this next phase of global economic integration, the Internet will become more important not less important, and national boundaries will become less important not more important.
And while here is no perfect hedge for the risks associated with US policy-makers executing QE2, I remain convinced that development-grade domain names are a logical store of wealth comparable to physical precious metals and other commodities that are sufficiently rare and finite, that no amount of currency printing will dramatically reduce their relative value .